24.08-12.09.2010

Heavy rains in July 2010 resulted in severe floods on the River Prut and Nistru, which caused a lot of damage in the Republic of Moldova. The flood waves hit the Republic of Moldova on the total length, the north, centre and south part of the country. The most affected areas were in the regions of Briceni (in the north of the country) and Hincesti, Ungheni and Nisporeni (in the centre of the country) and Cahul, Cantemir (in the south of the country). As a consequence, on 7 July, the MIC has received a formal request for assistance from the Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Service of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Moldova.



The Republic of Moldova requested 10 pumps (min 400 m3/h each), 10 boats, 30000 sandbags etc, in order to complement national response. Immediately, several countries were able to offer assistance to the Republic of Moldova: Austria, Romania, Estonia, Germany, USA, Israel etc. In addition, the EU Civil Protection Team (assessment and coordination team), was deployed to the Republic of Moldova by the EU MIC. As well, the BFC HCP module was offered after the MIC started to exchange information with Moldova on the current flooding situation.

The BaltFloodCombat multinational High Capacity Pumping module of Estonia/Latvia/Lithuania has been mobilized in the framework of the Preparatory Action on an EU Rapid Response Capability, which allows the mobilization of this module for the Mechanism interventions at the request of the EU Commission/MIC. In mid-August, the water started receding in Moldova, but still a lot of areas in Hincesti, Cantemir and Cahul districts were covered by water, which does not flow out in natural way. Therefore the Government of the Republic of Moldova asked the EU MIC for assistance in pumping out water from the flooded areas. In response, the EU MIC requested the BaltFloodCombat module to deploy. It has been accepted by the Republic of Moldova.

After having received request for deployment from the EU MIC, the Directors General`s of 3 project countries conducted internal consultations. As a result, it was decided that EE would become Operation Lead Agency and its representative would become Team Leader (TL). Another team management positions were distributed as follows: Deputy Team Leader – LV; Liaison Officer – LT.



Mission

All the pumps (EE, LV and LT) were always working together at various pumping sites, very close to each other. The pumping sites distance from the BoO varied as the closest was 6 km, next was 25 km and the furthest site was 75 km from BoO.

Main task and result in the 1st pumping site in Ghioltosu:
• ain task - to pump water over the railway dam to get water away from area to release flooded road and make railway reconstruction possible for Moldovan authorities. The railway is a strategic infrastructure for Moldova as the transit from Djuzdjulesti Port (Danube river) is stopped and the port not working. There was totally 10 km of railway flooded or used building bigger dikes in Moldova.
• Result – task completed after the module released flooded road some 500 meters and it is going to be possible to open the road between Cahul and Cantemir as well as it is possible to start affected railway reconstruction by Moldovan authorities.

Main task and result in the 2nd pumping site close to Chircani village:
•Main task – to pump water over the dike to get water level down from the flooded area to release flooded railway and to start local pumping stations near future. The local electric pumps are not working as water level is too high to switch on electricity. There is about 800 meters railway flooded in area.
•Result – task cancelled after the assessment by boats together with BFC management and Moldovan colleagues from the 2nd pumping location to the flooded area as there was inflow discovered from river Prut to the flooded area through natural channel.

Main task and result in the 3rd pumping site close to Valeni village:
•Main task – to pump water from flooded area (mostly agricultural), over the dike to the branch of Prut river. The area was some 300 ha, without any inflow or outflow channels as water didn’t flow out in natural way. The depth of water was not so deep anymore but sufficient for pumping.
•Result – water level decreased a lot since the BFC module started pumping there and more than 100 ha of land was released from the flood.

Altogether, three BFC pumps have worked in Moldova 598 hours. Taken into account the module pumping capacity over a short distance as 1400 m3/h, an amount of 279 000 m3 was pumped out.

Pictures from Moldova, by team BFC (click on image to open album)

 

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